Coffee is everyone’s need. Not only among parents, but many young people today also like to enjoy coffee. However, not everyone understands what coffee is, and various types of coffee are well known as well as Indonesian coffee.
Coffee is a plant from a bush that grows in the tropics at an altitude of 700 to 1600 above sea level. This coffee plant can grow up to 9 meters in height, but this coffee tree must be trimmed short to save energy and is easy to harvest. Indonesia is one of the best coffee producing countries in the world and Indonesian Coffee Supplier can send various types of coffee variants such as Gayo Coffee, Kintamani Coffee, Sumatran Coffee, Papua Coffee, Luwak Coffee, Flores Coffee, and Toraja Coffee.
There are many types of coffee and each type has its uniqueness. By knowing the types of coffee, of course, when we drink one of them we will enjoy it more because we know the character of the coffee we drink. The term of this type of coffee can be grouped into species, varieties, and also the single origin.
The book traces the history of coffee from being discovered accidentally by a young goat herder in the Middle East, to its development to date, accompanied by information about the benefits contained in the coffee drink. This book also provides information on various ways to extract and enjoy coffee to obtain the maximum coffee taste.
Coffee is divided into two, where there are types of coffee that are popular in the world that are often consumed by the general public, and there are also several types of original coffee from Indonesia.
Popular Types of Coffee
Three types of coffee are popular and commonly consumed by people. Here are the popular types of coffee.
1. Arabica Coffee
This Arabica coffee is the first coffee discovered by the Arabs in Ethiopia. Because the Arabs discovered and disseminated it throughout the world, this coffee is called Arabica coffee.
Arabica coffee is the most popular coffee in the world. Coffee traders in the world sell more Arabica coffee than other popular coffees. The price of this coffee is also quite expensive. This is because the care and planting are not easy.
This Arabica coffee has its characteristics. The colour of this coffee is not too thick. Then the taste of the acidity of the coffee is higher than the level of caffeine in it. Then this coffee is more fragrant and richer than other coffees.
In Arabica coffee, other varieties are also spread throughout the world. Here are the varieties:
o Typica, this coffee variety is the oldest found in Ethiopia. It can be said that the mother of arabica coffee is this typical coffee. Even the first coffee brought by the Dutch to Indonesia was typical coffee.
o Bourbon, this coffee variety exists because Arabica coffee was brought by the French and grown on Bourbon Island, now the island is called La Reunion Island. As this coffee adapted to the soil on Bourbon Island, it mutated and became a bourbon coffee variety.
2. Robusta Coffee
Robusta coffee is a variety of Canephora coffee. Besides robusta, this variety of canephora is nganda coffee. Because most of Canephora coffee is a robusta coffee variety, the name Robusta coffee is generally used for Canephora coffee.
Robusta coffee is strong against pests, so it is easy to maintain. But the quality and price are lower than Arabica coffee. Because of the strength of this coffee against pests, it is nicknamed robusta, robust means strong.
This Robusta was imported by the Netherlands to Indonesia to replace Arabica coffee. At that time Arabica coffee was attacked by leaf rust pests. Due to a large number of pests and robusta coffee, robusta coffee is eventually grown in Indonesia. Therefore, Indonesia is the largest robusta coffee producer after Vietnam and Brazil. Robusta coffee in Indonesia is around 80% of other coffees.
This robusta coffee character has a strong aroma and feels rough. The taste of Robusta coffee is also more bitter than other coffees. Therefore, this coffee is suitable to be mixed with milk and chocolate when serving. Can be mixed with milk and chocolate because the taste of this coffee will not lose to other flavours.
Robusta coffee has varieties of crosses with Arabica coffee. This cross produces a plant that has the aroma of arabica but also has a strong resistance like robusta. Here are the Robusta and Arabica coffee varieties.
o Timor, this Timor coffee variety is taken from the name of the place for the development of this coffee, namely Timor Island. This coffee cross aims to take the taste of arabica and the durability of robusta.
o Catimor, a coffee variety from a cross between caturra and Timor. This cross variety aims to produce coffee with pest resistance such as Timor and harvest speed such as caturra. Because timor has a robusta taste, this catimor has a bitter taste but low acidity.
It is undeniable, Indonesia has fertile soil overgrown by various types of plants with a myriad of benefits. One of them is Indonesian spices which are very worldwide. Spices are parts of plants that have a strong aroma and taste. The types of Indonesian spices are also very many and varied.
Spices from Indonesia are generally used in three ways by indigenous people, namely as preservatives, flavouring food, and as traditional medicine. Interestingly, this spice plant has been known for a long time as a native Indonesian commodity that has a high selling value. Supplier of spices From Indonesia can provide a high quality supply of spices like Cloves, Ginger, Turmeric, Cinnamon, Nutmeg and etc. And for shipping we can ship worldwide.
Cloves – Syzygium aromaticum
Cloves are part of the flower buds of the guava family tree or Myrtaceae. Cloves are included in the type of Indonesian spice which has always been highly sought after by western countries. Cloves can be used as a spice in spicy dishes and the main ingredient for making kretek cigarettes.
Clove is one type of spice that is often used as a food preservative and medicinal plant. These benefits are because cloves contain high doses of antioxidants and anti-microbials. In fact, cloves can also be used as an analgesic and disinfectant
Candlenut – Aleurites moluccana
Candlenut is a type of plant whose seeds are often used as a source of oil and spices. This type of Indonesian spice is still in the same family as cassava and includes kastub-kastuban or Euphorbiaceae.
In the global market, candlenut is known as candleberry, candlenut, or Indian walnut. The candlenut tree itself is called the kukui nut tree or the varnish tree. Meanwhile, hazelnut oil extracted from the seeds has various benefits for industrial products, such as a mixture of paints or a mixture of hair fertilizers and skin moisturizers.
Cinnamon – Cinnamon Verum
Cinnamon is a type of Indonesian spice with a distinctive aroma, spicy and sweet taste. This plant belonging to the camphor family or Lauraceae is often used for culinary purposes. This exotic spice comes from the dried bark of the cinnamon tree. Usually, cinnamon is sold in powder or roll form.
Cinnamon is also included in the category of the oldest cooking spice in the world that has been used by humans. According to research, this spice has been used since the Ancient Egyptian civilization about 5000 years ago and was listed in several books.
When viewed from a health perspective, cinnamon can be used as traditional medicine or a powerful dietary supplement to prevent attacks of various diseases. The use of cinnamon is known to be very beneficial when mixed with a few drops of honey.
Some diseases that can be treated with cinnamon are skin disorders, flatulence, arthritis and heart problems.
Cardamom – Amomum compactum
This type of spice is produced from several plants of the genus Amomum and Elettaria which belong to the ginger family of Zingiberaceae. The two plant genera are endemic plant species in several Southeast and South Asian countries, such as Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
Generally, cardamom is used as a flavour enhancer in traditional foods and medicines. The seeds are known in the form of small pods with a cross-section of a triangular wedge-shaped spindle coil. The outer skin is quite thin with small blackish seeds.
Nutmeg – Myristica fragrans
In accordance with its Latin name, nutmeg is a tree that comes from the Myristiceae family that thrives in several areas of Indonesia, such as Maluku and the Banda Islands.
Before being marketed to the public, nutmeg seeds must be dried in the sun until completely dry, then separated from the outer shell (mace). This drying process usually takes six to eight weeks because it is traditionally dried in the sun.
When this process is done, the seeds will shrink and the inner shell of the seed will break. Well, the inside of the seed is then sold as nutmeg in the market.
Nutmeg is a type of spice that is rich in essential oil content, which is about 7 to 14%. This oil is often used as a mixture of soap or perfume. While nutmeg which is made in powder form is often used as a food and beverage flavouring ingredient.
Pepper – Piper nigrum
Pepper, also known as pepper, is a type of plant that contains various beneficial chemicals. Pepper has a slightly bitter taste, is spicy, and is antipyretic or able to reduce fever.
Long before the Dutch colonized Indonesia, pepper had been traded for hundreds of years. As a native Indonesian spice, pepper has many enthusiasts and controls almost 80% of the world market share. However, as market demand continues to increase, Indonesia is now only able to meet 13% of global demand.
Lemongrass – Cymbopogon citratus
Lemongrass or also called lemongrass is a type of plant that belongs to the grass family group or Poaceae. Lemongrass is often used as a kitchen spice to give an aroma to certain foods.
Not only does lemongrass give an aroma to food, it also adds to the aroma of traditional drinks. Usually, lemongrass is used in powder, dry, or stick form according to its original form.